Every year students in many countries learn English. Some of these students are young children. Others are teenagers. Many are adults. Some learn at school. Others study by themselves. A few learn English just by hearing the language in films, on television, in the office or among their friends. But not many are lucky enough to vị that. Most people must work hard on their lessons to learn another language. Many boys và girls learn English at school because it is one of their subjects. They study their own language, mathematics & English. In England, America or Australia, many boys & girls study their own language, which is English, mathematics và another language, perhaps French, German or Spanish. Many adults learn English because it is useful for their work. Teenagers often learn English for their higher studies because some of their books are in English at the college or university. Others people learn English because they want khổng lồ read newspapers or magazines in English.

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1. According to the writer __________.

 A. No children like learning English 

B. English is learned by many generations

 C. Only teenagers learn English 

D. English is useful only to lớn adults 

2. Most people learn English by __________. 

A. Watching videos only 

B. Talking with the film stars 

C. Hearing the language in this office 

D. Working hard on their lessons 

3. Many boys and girls learn English because __________. 

A. Their parents make them bởi vì it 

B. It is included in their study courses 

C. They have khổng lồ study their own language 

D. English can give them a job 

4. In America và Australia, many school children study __________. 

A. English & mathematics only 

B. Such foreign languages as French, German or Spanish 

C. English as a foreign language 

D. Their own language và no foreign language 

5. Many adults learn English because __________. 

A. They want lớn read newspapers in English 

B. It is useful for their work 

C. They want to go abroad 

D. Most of their books are in English

Trả lời:

1. B. English is learned by many generations 

=> Some of these students are young children. Others are teenagers. Many are adults. 

2. D. Working hard on their lessons 

=> Most people must work hard on their lessons khổng lồ learn another language. 

3. B. It is included in their study courses 

=> Many boys and girls learn English at school because it is one of their subjects. 

4. B. Such foreign languages as French, German or Spanish 

=> In England, America or Australia, many boys & girls study their own language, which is English, mathematics and another language, perhaps French, German or Spanish. 

5. B. It is useful for their work 

=> Many adults learn English because it is useful for their work

Cùng Top giải thuật luyện tập thêm nhé!

Read the following passage & mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer shect lớn indicate the correct answer lớn each of the questions from 1 lớn 10.

Plants và animals will find it difficult lớn escape from or adjust to the effect of global warming, Scientists have already observerd shifts in the lifecycles of many plants and animals, such as flowers blooming earlier and birds hatching earlier in the spring. Many species have begun shifting where they live or their annual migration patterns due lớn warmer temperatures.

*

With further warming, animals will tend lớn migrate toward the poles và up mountainsides toward higher elevations. Plants will also attempt lớn shift their ranges, seeking new areas as old habitats grow too warm. In many places, however, human development will prevent these shifts. Species that find cities or farmland blocking their way north or south may become extinct. Species living in quality ecosystems, such as those found in polar và mountantop regions, are especially at risk because migration lớn new habitats is not possible. For example, polar bears and marine mammals in the Arctic are already threatened by dwindling sea ice but have nowhere farther to go.

Projecting species extinction due to global warming is extremely difficult. Some scientists have estimated that đôi mươi to 50 percent of species could be committed lớn extiction with 2 to 3 Celsius degrees of further warming. The rate of warming, not just the magnitude, is extremely important for plants and animals. Some species and even entire ecosystems, such as certain types of forest, many not be able to lớn adjust quickly enough và may disappear.

Ocean ecosystems, especially fragile ones like coral reefs, will also be affected by global warming. Warmer ocean temperatures can cause coral khổng lồ “bleach”, a state which if prolonged will lead lớn the death of the coral. Scientists estimate that even 1 Celsius degree of additional warming could lead lớn widespread bleaching & death of coral reefs around the world. Also increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the ocean and increases the acidity of ocean waters. This acidification furter stresses ocean ecosystems.

Vocabulary

+ lớn escape from smt (v): ra khỏi đâu

+ lifecycle (n): vòng đời

+ lớn bloorn (v): nở hoa

+ to lớn hatch (v): sinh, đẻ

+ elevation (n): chiều cao so cùng với mực nước biển

+ habitat (n): môi trường sống

+ ecosystem (n): hệ sinh thái

+ dwindle (v): thoái hóa, suy đi/ nhỏ lại, thu lại, teo đi

+ magnitude (n): lượng, trung bình lớn, độ lớn

+ fragile (adj): mỏng tanh manh, dễ dẫn đến tổn thương, dễ bị phá hủy

+ coral reefs (n): rặng san hô

+ to lớn bleach (v): có tác dụng chuội đi, biến mất đi

+ acidity (n): tính a xít

+ acidification (n): sự a xít hóa

Question 1: Scionlists have observed that warmer temperatures in the spring cause flowers to

A. Die instantly 

B. Bloom earlier 

C, become lighter

D. Thua color

Question 2: According khổng lồ paragraph 2, when their habitats grow warmer, animali tend lớn move .

A. South – eastwards & down mountainsides toward lower

B. North – westwards and up mountainsides toward higher

C. Toward the North Pole và down mountainsides toward lower

D. Toward the poles và up mountainsides toward higher

Question 3: The pronoun “those” in paragraph 2 refers to lớn .

A.species 

B. Ecosystems 

C. Habitats

D. Areas

Question 4: The phrase “dwindling sea ice” in paragraph 2 refers to .

A. The frozen water in the Artie. 

B. The violent Arctic Ocean.

C. The melting ice in the Arctic. 

D. The cold ice in the Arctic.

Question 5: It is mentioned in the passage that if the global temperature rose by 2 or 3 Celcius degrees, .

A. Half of the earth’s surface would be

B. The sea cấp độ would rise by 20

C. Water supply would decrease by 50

D. Trăng tròn to 50 percent of species could become

Question 6: According to the passage, if some species are not able to lớn adjust quickly to lớn warmer temperatures, .

A. They may be endangered 

B. They can begin khổng lồ develop

C. They will certainly need water. 

D. They move lớn tropical forests.

Question 7: The word “fragile” in paragraph 4 most probably means .

A.very large 

B.easily damaged

C.rather strong 

D. Pretty hard

Question 8: The bleaching of coral reefs as mentioned in paragraph 4 indicates .

A. The water absorption of coral reefs. 

B. The quick growth of marine mammals.

C. The blooming phase of sea weeds. 

D. The slow death of coral reefs.

Question 9: The cấp độ of acidity in the ocean is increased by .

A. The rising amount of carbon dioxide entering the

B. The decrease of acidity of the pole

C. The extinction of species in coastal

D. The thua of acidity in the atmosphere around the

Question 10: What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. Influence of climate changes on human

B. Effects of global warming on animals and

C. Global warming và possible solutions

D. Global warming & species

ĐÁP ÁN

Question 1: Scientists have observed that warmer temperatures in the spring cause flower to .

Plants and animals will find it difficult to lớn escape from or adjust to the effect of global warming, Scientists have already observerd shifts in the lifecycles of many plants và animals, such as flowers blooming earlier and birds hatching earlier in the spring.

Các nhà khoa học thấy rằng sức nóng độ ấm hơn vào mùa xuân để cho các chủng loại hoa:

=> B. Bloom earlier (nở sớm hơn)

Question 2:

According lớn paragraph 2, when their habitats grow warmer, animals tend to move .

With further warming, animals will tend lớn migrate toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations.

Khi môi trường xung quanh sống của bọn chúng trở nên nóng hơn, động vật hoang dã có xu hướng dịch rời tới:

=> D. Toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations, (về phía những cực với lên các triền núi tới số đông nơi cao hơn.)

Question 3:

Species living in chất lượng ecosystems, such as those found in polar and mountaintop regions, are especially at risk because migration to lớn new habitats is not possible.

=> A. Species

Question 4:

For example, polar bears & marine mammals in the Arctic are already threatened by dwindling sea ice but have nowhere farther to lớn go.

“dwindling sea ice” hoàn toàn có thể đoán trong trường hợp này là việc giảm thừa nhận bẵng trên biển Bắc Cưc do ảnh hưởng của sự nóng dần lên toàn cẩu.

=> C. The melting ice in the Arctic.

Question 5:

It is mentioned in the passage that if the global temperature rose by 2 or 3 Celcius degrees.

Some scientists have estimated that 20 to 50 percent of species could be committed to lớn extiction with 2 to lớn 3 Celsius degrees of further warming.

Nếu nhiệt độ toàn cầu tăng thêm 2 hoặc 3 độ C:

=> D. Trăng tròn to 50 percent of species could become extinct. (20 đến 50% các loài hoàn toàn có thể tuyệt chủng)

Question 6:

According to lớn the passage, if some species are not able to lớn adjust quickly lớn warmer temparatures.

Some species và even entire ecosystems, such as certain types of forest, many not be able to adjust quickiy enough and may disappear.

Nếu một vài loài khổng thể ưa thích nghi nhanh với ánh sáng nóng lên.

=> A. They may be endangered (chứng tất cả thế gặp mặt nguy hiểm)

Question 7:

“fragile”: easily broken or damaged (theo tự điển Oxford learners’dictionaries)

very large: khôn xiết lớn, rộng lớn

easily broken: mỏng dính manh, yếu ớt, dễ dẫn đến phá hủy

rather strong: khỏe

pretty hard: hơi khó

=> B

Questions 8:

The bleaching of coral reefs as mentioned in paragraph 4 indicates.

Warmer ocean temperatures can cause coral to “bleach”, a state which if prolonged will lead to lớn the death of the coral.

=> D. The slow death of coral reefs, (cái chết từ từ của không ít rặng san hô)

Question 9:

The level of acidity in the ocean is increased by

Also, increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the ocean and increases the acidity of ocean waters

=> A. The rising amount of carbon dioxide entering the ocean. (Sự tăng lượng khí C02 trong ko khí tác động đến hải dương và tăng nồng độ axit trong nước.)

Question 10:

Plants và animals will find it difficult to lớn escape from or adjust to the effect of global warming.

With further warming, animals will tend to migrate toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations.

Projecting species extinction due to global warming is extremely difficult.

Ocean ecosystems, especially fragile ones like coral reefs, will also be affected by global warming.

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